This session describes how a systematic review differs from other types of reviews (e.g., narrative reviews), how the literature searching process is unique, essential search skills and how to document the search.
For more information, please refer to http://libguides.usask.ca/reviews
In this introductory session, we will introduce you to the basics of lliterature searching for systematic reviews.
Breaking up your question into these 4 elements (which you can easily remember with the mnmeonic device PICO) will make your literature search process easier:
C: Comparison intervention
Other models you may wish to use for question formulation include:
Wildridge, V., & Bell, L. (2002). How CLIP became ECLIPSE: a mnemonic to assist in searching for health policy/management information. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 19(2), 113-115.
Schlosser, R. W., Koul, R., & Costello, J. (2007). Asking well-built questions for evidence-based practice in augmentative and alternative communication. Journal of Communication Disorders, 40(3), 225-238.
Booth, A. (2006). Clear and present questions: formulating questions for evidence based practice. Library hi tech, 24(3), 355-368.
The PRISMA diagram has become the standard mechanism for reporting the results of the literature search for systematic reviews.
The acronym STARLITE can assist in your description of your literature search:
Booth A. “Brimful of STARLITE”: Toward standards for reporting literature searches. J Med Libr Assoc. 2006;94(4):421–9.
It is advisable to have a librarian validate your search in your primary database before you modify your search and continue searching in other databases.
Most librarians will use the "PRESS" checklist, to evaluate a search strategy. You can find that checklist here:
This session took place on September 30 from 12:00 - 1:00 PM in the Murray Library, Room 145, the Collaborative Learning Lab.
Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD), University of York, UK - see the section called "Our Guidance"
Resources for Systematic Reviews & Evidence-based Public Health Practice - From the University of Texas School of Public Health Library, this site contains a wealth of information on: