Session Description: Literature Searching for Systematic Reviews
This session describes how a systematic review differs from other types of reviews (e.g., narrative reviews), how the literature searching process is unique, essential search skills and how to document the search.
In this introductory session, we will introduce you to the basics of lliterature searching for systematic reviews.
Types of Literature Reviews
Formulating a Question
Choosing Appropriate Databases
Developing Your Search Strategy
Extending Your Search
Validating Your Search
Documenting Your Search
Wrap Up and Questions
Formulating a Question
Breaking up your question into these 4 elements (which you can easily remember with the mnmeonic device PICO) will make your literature search process easier:
P: Patient, population, &/or problem
Description of the patient, population and/or the target disorder of interest
What are the most important characteristics of the patient?
How would you describe a group of patients similar to yours?
What is the disorder and condition of interest?
Which intervention, prognostic factor, diagnostic tool, or exposure are you considering?
C: Comparison intervention
What alternative do you want to compare with the intervention?
Examples: standard of care, reference standard, Placebo
What outcome you hope to accomplish or measure?
Other models you may wish to use for question formulation include:
Wildridge, V., & Bell, L. (2002). How CLIP became ECLIPSE: a mnemonic to assist in searching for health policy/management information. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 19(2), 113-115.
Schlosser, R. W., Koul, R., & Costello, J. (2007). Asking well-built questions for evidence-based practice in augmentative and alternative communication. Journal of Communication Disorders, 40(3), 225-238.
Booth, A. (2006). Clear and present questions: formulating questions for evidence based practice. Library hi tech, 24(3), 355-368.
Documenting A Search
The PRISMA diagram has become the standard mechanism for reporting the results of the literature search for systematic reviews.
Systematic Approaches to a Successful Literature Review by Andrew Booth; Diana Papaioannou; Anthea Sutton
Publication Date: 2012-01-24
Reviewing the literature is an essential part of every research project. This book takes you step-by-step through the process of approaching your literature review systematically, applying systematic principles to a wide range of literature review types. Through numerous examples, case studies, and exercises, the book covers often neglected areas of literature review such as concept analysis, scoping, and mapping.