Session Descriptions: Why and How to do a Comprehensive Literature Review
Why and How to Do a Comprehensive Literature Review – Part A
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This session will describe the reasons for doing a comprehensive literature review, and will focus on designing a search strategy for keyword databases such as Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar. We will briefly cover saving your search, and writing up your literature review.
What is a literature review
Why do one
Main steps of a review
Saving your search
Writing your literature review
Why and How to Do a Comprehensive Literature Review – Part B
This session will describe the reasons for doing a comprehensive literature review, and will focus on designing a search strategy for databases with subject headings such as Medline, ERIC, and PsycINFO. We will briefly cover saving your search, and writing up your literature review.
Breaking up your question into these 4 elements (which you can easily remember with the mnmeonic device PICO) will make your literature search process easier:
P: Patient, population, &/or problem
Description of the patient, population and/or the target disorder of interest
What are the most important characteristics of the patient?
How would you describe a group of patients similar to yours?
What is the disorder and condition of interest?
Which intervention, prognostic factor, diagnostic tool, or exposure are you considering?
C: Comparison intervention
What alternative do you want to compare with the intervention?
Examples: standard of care, reference standard, Placebo
What outcome you hope to accomplish or measure?
Other models you may wish to use for question formulation include:
Wildridge, V., & Bell, L. (2002). How CLIP became ECLIPSE: a mnemonic to assist in searching for health policy/management information. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 19(2), 113-115.
Schlosser, R. W., Koul, R., & Costello, J. (2007). Asking well-built questions for evidence-based practice in augmentative and alternative communication. Journal of Communication Disorders, 40(3), 225-238.
Booth, A. (2006). Clear and present questions: formulating questions for evidence based practice. Library hi tech, 24(3), 355-368.