Skip to Main Content
Skip to main content

APA Citation Style (7th ed.): Textual Works (journal articles, books, etc.)

Textual works

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.) is the official source for citing in APA style.

The following links lead to examples of references (with corresponding in-text citations) from the official APA Style website. Textual works are covered in-depth in Sections 10.1–10.8 of the 7th edition of the Publication Manual. For reference examples not listed on this page, refer to the Publication Manual or to the APA Style website. 


Books and Reference Works

Edited Book Chapters and Entries in Reference Works

Reports and Gray Literature

The Publication Manual includes many other examples of reports and gray literature, such as Annual Reports (section 10.4, number 54) and Policy Briefs (section 10.4, number 58).

Curriculum guides are government publications.  Here is an example of how to cite such a guide:
Saskatchewan Ministry of Education. (2009). Social Studies 6 [Curriculum Guide].

Conference Presentations and Proceedings


Reference examples for reviews are not listed on the APA Style website. However, the Publication Manual includes examples of film, book, or TV series reviews in section 10.7.

Unpublished and Informally Published Works

The Publication Manual includes other examples of unpublished works, such as Manuscripts (section 10.8, numbers 70-72).