Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Skip to main content

APA Citation Style (7th ed.)

APA Citation Style: In-Text Citations

APA Style uses an Author-Date citation system.  In-text citations are covered in Chapter 8 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed). The links below provide some additional information on in-text citation, taken from the official APA Style website.

General information:

In-text citations consist of the author's last name and publication year. Page numbers are required when quoting and encouraged when paraphrasing.

In-text citations are brief notations within the body of your paper which direct the reader to the corresponding complete citation information at the end of the paper in the References section.

In-text citations have two formats: parenthetical and narrative:

  • parenthetical: the author name and publication date appear in parentheses. 
    • e.g. It was recently discovered that laughter is the best medicine (Hall & Oates, 2020).
  • narrative: the author name is incorporated in the text of your paper as a part of the sentence and the year follows in parentheses.
    • e.g. Hall and Oates (2020) recently discovered that laughter is the best medicine.