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Data: Canada: Statistics Canada

Statistics Canada


Statistics Canada (StatCan) is the federal agency responsible for collecting, compiling, analyzing, and publishing statistical information relating to the commercial, industrial, financial, social, economic, and general activities and conditions of the people of Canada.1 The main types of data collected by StatCan are:

THEMATIC SURVEY DATA: collected via surveys on populations, resources, the economy, society, and culture

ADMINISTRATIVE DATA: collected by government agencies and private-sector companies as part of their day-to-day operations

CENSUS DATA: collected via the Census of Population (every 5 years). The most recent Census was conducted in 2021.* 

The Statistics Canada website provides access to aggregate data, summary reports, survey and program descriptions, geographical products, and tools for data visualization.

Statistics Canada is governed by the Statistics Act

*Note: In 2011, the Census of Population collected data via a short questionnaire only. Additional data was collected via the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS). 

Online or Print?

cartoon owl sitting on bookOlder statistics may be available only in print.

General guidelines

Before 2001: publications are in print; some major collections are digitized

2001- 2013: some publications are in print, some are digital

2013 and after: publications are digital

Contact the Data Librarian or visit the Government Information guide for help finding data that was published in print. 

Census of Population

Indigenous Data Portal