Skip to Main Content
Skip to main content

ASTR 104 Astronomy of Planets: AIP Citation Style

AIP Citation Style Basics

AIP (American Institute of Physics) citation style is commonly used for papers and publications in physics and related disciplines.

In-text citation:

  • Cite references in the order of appearance using Arabic numbers in superscript format, e.g. 1, 2, 3.

  • Refer to authors in text by Surname only

  • Use all authors’ names if there are no more than three authors.

  • If there are four or more authors, use the first author’s name and “et al” for other authors, e.g. Jazen at al.

Reference List – General Rules

References are listed in the order of appearance in the text. Below are examples of commonly used AIP citation formats.

Reference to a journal/magazine article

Basic format (use abbreviated source title when appropriate)

# F. M. Surname, Source Volume, start page (Year).

One author:        

1A. Witze, Nature 542, 279 (2017).

Two authors:        

2C. Guite and V. Venkataraman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 166603 (2011).

Several authors (e.g., ten or fewer):

3U. Schneider, L. Hackermüller, S. Will, T. Best, I. Bloch, T. A. Costi, R. W. Helmes, D. Rasch, and A. Rosch, Science 322, 1520 (2008).

Reference to a book

Regular book: use italic for book title; additional information (Vol., Chap., Sec., p.,etc.) as appropriate

4C. D. Murray and S. F. Dermott, Solar System Dynamics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999), p.126

Edited book: use italic for book title; for edited works use form “in" and “by"

5J. L. Bishop, in Water on Mars and Life, edited by T. Tokano (Springer, Berlin, 2005), p. 65

Website: AIP style manual does not give instructions for referencing online source. The essential thing is to include the URL of the website and the access date. The following format has been used in articles published in Physical Review D:

Author (or corporate author), Title of web page, <URL> (Accessed date).


6NASA. Jupiter: In Depth. (Accessed 12 May 2017)

More information on AIP Citation Style for other formats