AIP (American Institute of Physics) citation style is commonly used for papers and publications in physics and related disciplines.
Cite references in the order of appearance using Arabic numbers in superscript format, e.g. 1, 2, 3.
Refer to authors in text by Surname only
Use all authors’ names if there are no more than three authors.
If there are four or more authors, use the first author’s name and “et al” for other authors, e.g. Jazen at al.
Reference List – General Rules
References are listed in the order of appearance in the text. Below are examples of commonly used AIP citation formats.
Reference to a journal/magazine article
Basic format (use abbreviated source title when appropriate)
# F. M. Surname, Source Volume, start page (Year).
1A. Witze, Nature 542, 279 (2017).
2C. Guite and V. Venkataraman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 166603 (2011).
Several authors (e.g., ten or fewer):
3U. Schneider, L. Hackermüller, S. Will, T. Best, I. Bloch, T. A. Costi, R. W. Helmes, D. Rasch, and A. Rosch, Science 322, 1520 (2008).
Reference to a book
Regular book: use italic for book title; additional information (Vol., Chap., Sec., p.,etc.) as appropriate
4C. D. Murray and S. F. Dermott, Solar System Dynamics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999), p.126
Edited book: use italic for book title; for edited works use form “in" and “by"
5J. L. Bishop, in Water on Mars and Life, edited by T. Tokano (Springer, Berlin, 2005), p. 65
Website: AIP style manual does not give instructions for referencing online source. The essential thing is to include the URL of the website and the access date. The following format has been used in articles published in Physical Review D:
Author (or corporate author), Title of web page, <URL> (Accessed date).