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Geography & Planning: Citation & Reference Management

APA Citation Style

APA Style is the documentation and citation format of the American Psychological Association (APA). The 7th edition of The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2019) is the definitive source for APA style.

APA Style is most commonly used within the social sciences, such as Psychology, Linguistics, Sociology, Economics, and Criminology, as well as Business, Education, Kinesiology, and Nursing. 

APA uses an author-date citation system with in-text citations and a reference list.

The University Library has several Research Guides dedicated to APA style which you can access here. Please note there are both 7th edition and 6th edition guides available. If you're using a guide that's based on the 6th edition of the manual, please consider comparing it to the 7th edition to ensure you're using the correct formatting. Always check with your professor/instructor to make sure you are using the correct citation style.

Reference Managers

Reference (or citation) management software allows you to import references/citations from online databases, organize them into folders, insert them into the body of your research paper in a variety of citation style formats (e.g. APA and MLA), and generate formatted reference lists. 

The University Library offers help and instruction on the following reference managers. Feel free to contact the librarian for your subject area, or to email us at citation.managers@library.usask.ca

Citation Guide

For detailed information on various citation styles, please see the Citation Style Guide.

Citation Workshops