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Indigenous Health: Heart Diseases


Dewailly, E., et al, 2001.  N-3 Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors among the Inuit of Nunavik.  American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 74, No. 4, pp. 464-473.

Pollexa, R.L., et al, 2006.  Metabolic Syndrome in Aboriginal Canadians: Prevalence and Genetic Associations. Atherosclerosis, Vol. 184, pp. 121-129.

Ralph-Campbell, K., et al, 2009.  Increasing Rates of Diabetes and Cardiovascular Risk in Métis Settlements in Northern Alberta.  International Journal of Circumpolar Health, Vol. 68, No. 5, pp. 433-442.

Riediger, N.D., et al, 2011.  Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in the Canadian Adult Population.  Canadian Medical Association Journal,Vol., 183, No. 15, pp. E1127-E1134.

Smith, J.D., et al, 2009.  Acylation Stimulating Protein is Higher in Inuit from Nunavik Compared to a Southern Quebec Population.  International Journal of Circumpolar Health, vol. 68, No. 5, pp. 421-432.

The Strong Heart Study, the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Center for American Indian Health Research.  Publications by the Strong Heart Study [on Native Americans, 1990 – 2014].  Includes links to articles in PubMed.  For more information, see the home page:

Tjepkema, M., et al, 2012.  Cardiovascular Disease Mortality Among First Nations People in Canada, 1991-2001.  Chronic Diseases and Injuries in Canada, Vol. 32, No. 4, pp. 200-297.

Trayhurn, P., 2009.  Obesity in the Inuit – Adipose Tissue and Ischaemic Heart Disease.  International Journal of Circumpolar Health, Vol. 68, No. 5, pp.  419-420.


Alkazemi, D.U.Z., 2012.  Oxidative Stress as a Cardiovascular Risk Factor in Canadian Inuit.  Ph.D., Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University.

Sanguins, J., 2005.  Living Well: Understanding the Experience of Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease in First Nations Peoples.  Ph.D., Nursing, University of Calgary.