"November 3, 2021, marks the sixth annual One Health Day, a global campaign that celebrates and brings attention to the need for a One Health approach to address shared health threats at the human-animal-environment interface." (https://www.cdc.gov/onehealth/one-health-day.html)
One Health Overview
In 2011One Healthwas identified as one of six Signature Research Areas at the University of Saskatchewan. Each Area is an 'outstanding achievement enabled by our research capacity, investments, history and sense of place.'
One Health has been defined as "strategy to better understand and address the contemporary health issues created by the convergence of human, animal, and environmental domains ..." (American Veterinary Medical Association, Exe. Summary).
Although not a new concept (in the past it was also known as One Medicine), One Health is a relatively new worldwide strategy that draws upon collaboration from veterinary medicine, human medicine, public health, environmental health, wildlife health, and agriculture) to better understand the human-animal-environment interface.
Over the last 10 years, the world has been threatened by the increasing prevalence of zoonoses, epidemics, antimicrobial resistance, chronic diseases, and environmental pollution. This article posits the application of the One Health approach will enable us to rigorously evaluate the consequences of human actions and integrate interdisciplinary solutions to improve the health of humans, animals, plants, and ecosystems. The authors present a list of barriers that must be overcome to enact effective One Health solutions.
While a One Health approach to research can be quite effective, its implementation is complex. This article supports One Health researchers’ efforts by providing a framework to guide the design, planning, implementation, collaboration, collection of data, and analysis methods in One Health research.
One Welfare serves to highlight the interconnections between animal welfare, human wellbeing and the environment. It fosters interdisciplinary collaboration to improve human and animal welfare internationally. One Welfare extends the approach of (and partially overlaps) the One Health theme used for human and animal health. A One Welfare approach promotes the direct and indirect links of animal welfare to human welfare and environmentally friendly animal-keeping systems.