APA Style is the documentation and citation format of the American Psychological Association (APA). The 7th edition of The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2019) is the definitive source for APA style.
APA Style is most commonly used within the social sciences, such as Psychology, Linguistics, Sociology, Economics, and Criminology, as well as Business, Education, Kinesiology, and Nursing.
APA uses an author-date citation system with in-text citations and a reference list.
The University Library has several Research Guides dedicated to APA style which you can access here. Please note there are both 7th edition and 6th edition guides available. If you're using a guide that's based on the 6th edition of the manual, please consider comparing it to the 7th edition to ensure you're using the correct formatting. Always check with your professor/instructor to make sure you are using the correct citation style.
A guide created for Business students, which includes examples for market research reports, company reports, and other business-specific materials. Also has videos and good examples for other types of APA citations.
Below are links for more information on APA Style.
Note: A new version (7th edition) of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association was published in October 2019. If you're using a guide that's based on the 6th edition of the manual, please consider comparing it to the 7th edition to ensure you're using the correct formatting. Always check with your professor/instructor to make sure you are using the correct citation style.
"These OWL resources will help you learn how to use the American Psychological Association (APA) citation and format style. This section contains resources on in-text citation and the References page, as well as APA sample papers, slide presentations, and the APA classroom poster."
NorQuest Library has noted that the formal APA style does not have a format for Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers so they have developed this citation style in the spirit of wahkôhtowin and reconciliation.
Unlike other personal communications, Elders and Knowledge Keepers should be cited in-text and in the reference list. The in-text citation format should follow the same guidelines as noted in the paraphrase and direct quote tabs:
Delores Cardinal described the nature of the... (2004).