When citing books one gives the author, title, publisher location, publisher name, and year of publication. If accessed online, include the URL (followed by a period) at the end of the citation. (Chicago 14.75-14.76).
Articles in The New Grove are cited by author of the article. The author’s name is found at the very end of the Grove article, after the bibliography and on the top left of the first page of the online version. (Chicago 14.248).
For periodicals (i.e. journals and magazines) one gives the author, article title, journal title, volume, issue number, year, and page numbers. If accessed online, include the URL (followed by a period) at the end of the citation. (Chicago 14.175 – 14.198).
When citing an article in a book one gives the author, article title, book title, editor, page range, publisher location, publisher name, and year of publication. Precede the title of the book with “In”. (Chicago 14.112).
Many scores are cited just like books, though often with the addition of an editor. If in addition to an author there are names of editors or translators, they will appear after the title but preceded by Edited by or Translated by (Chicago 14.88). If accessed online, include the URL (followed by a period) at the end of the citation. (Chicago 14.269).
Citing a specific piece within a score is treated as a chapter in a book, or “titled part of a book.” The composer’s name is followed by the part, followed by In, followed by the title of the book or score (Chicago 14.111).
When citing a work from a series or complete works, indicate the editor, page range, series, volume, and date. If a single volume of a multivolume work is cited, only the date of that volume should appear. If an entire multivolume, multiyear work is cited, give the range of dates. If the work has not been completed, give the date of the first volume followed by a dash (Chicago, 14.151).
When citing a web page, include as much of the following as can be determined: the title or a description of the page, the author of the content (if any), the owner or sponsor of the site, and a URL. Also include a publication date or date of revision or modification; if no such date can be determined, include an access date. (Chicago 14.243).
Cite the recording by the element you are referring to – composer or performer. Also include the title of the recording, performer, ensemble, conductor, label name, label number, date and format. If accessed online, include the URL (followed by a period) at the end of the citation. (Chicago 14.276).
If the notes are unsigned (that is, no author is indicated), simply add “Liner notes.” to the end of the citation of the recording. Signed notes may be cited by the author’s name. If the notes are titled, the title may follow the author’s name.
Some program notes are issued as periodicals or books, and should be treated as such. Notes that are neither periodicals nor collections should include (when available) author, titles of notes, title of concert, ensemble, director, location and performance date. If no author is indicated, simply add “Program notes.” to the end of the citation of the performance.
Video recordings are cited in a manner similar to sound recordings, although label and label number are not included. If the material is a recording of a speech or other performance, or if it is a digital version of a published source, include information about the original performance or source. Include an indication of the source type (e.g., “DVD”) and length. (Chicago 14.279).
When citing online multimedia such as a YouTube video, it is never enough simply to cite an electronic file name or URL, though this information should be included as well. If the material is a recording of a performance, or if it is a digital version of a published source, include information about the original performance or source. If no date can be determined from the source, include the date the material was last accessed. Include an indication of the source type (e.g., “video”) and length. (Chicago 14.280).
When one cites more than one work by the same author, every citation after the first begins with a 3-em dash followed by a period (———.) in place of the author’s name. HINT: To create a 3-em dash in Microsoft Word, press [Ctrl] + [Alt] + [– on the Number Pad] 3 times. Multiple citations by the same author are alphabetized by the title of the work. (Chicago 14.64-14.67).
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