MLA citation style is the documentation and citation format of the Modern Language Association of America (MLA). Founded in 1883 and based in the United States, the MLA is a major advocate for the study and teaching of languages and literatures. The MLA is known for its support of the literary humanities, notably through: the MLA International Bibliography, an essential database for research in all aspects of modern languages and literatures; the MLA Directory of Periodicals, a continuously updated online listing of the journals indexed in the bibliography; and the MLA Handbook, now in its 8th edition, which is the essential source for MLA citation style.
MLA style is the preferred system for citing sources in scholarly writing for courses, papers, and publishing in the literary humanities—notably for English, but also for literary, language, and folklore topics based in other languages.
The USask Department of English Requirements for Essays is based in MLA style, as detailed in the MLA Handbook.
The MLA Handbook, now in its 8th edition published in 2016, is available only in print. The Library has multiple copies in various locations. Please see the box on the right for availability.
Provides writing resources directly from the Modern Language Association including: a quick guide to the creation of the Works Cited list; plus sample research papers demonstrating the use of MLA style.
Offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, and the Works Cited page.
Citing Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers
NorQuest Library has noted that the formal MLA style does not have a format for Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers so they have developed this citation style in the spirit of wahkôhtowin and reconciliation.
Unlike most other personal communications, Elders and Knowledge Keepers should be cited in-text and in the Works Cited list. The in-text citation format should be formatted as: