A free veterinary encyclopedia developed for veterinary graduates, students, and nurses. It provides a comprehensive virtual curriculum containing a wealth of veterinary information and learning resources.
A list of free U.S. based electronic resources for veterinarians. Compiled by Cornell University's Flower-Sprecher Veterinary Library.
Here are some questions to guide you through the process of critical evaluation of information sources:
Relevance: - Is the document related to your topic? - Is the information at an appropriate depth or level for your assignment?
Authority: - Is the source a scholarly or popular publication? And is the publisher reputable in this discipline? - Is the author a recognized authority in this field of study? What are his or her credentials? (And are these credentials related to the subject matter?) - Do other authors quote from this author's works? - Is there a means of contacting the author?
Timeliness/Currency: - When was the document written? (Look for a publication, copyright, or “last updated” date.) - Is it recent enough to be relevant to your topic or discipline? Sometimes you are required to use recently published material; sometimes you must use historical documents.
Validity/Accuracy: - Does the author provide sources for statistical information? - Is the data from a valid study (that utilized accepted methodologies for the discipline)?
Argument: - Analyze the author's argument, the assumptions made, the evidence or data gathered, and the interpretation of the data. - Are there any flaws in the author's logic? - Does the author consider alternate interpretations of the evidence? - If you discovered that the author ignored other interpretations, is the author attempting to deceive or manipulate readers?
Coverage: - Does the author refer to relevant information or data that was available at the time the work was published? - Or, does the author use out-of-date information; or ignore information or data that was available at the time? - Did the author consider all aspects relevant to the topic?
Bias/Objectivity: - Does the author state any bias? - If you discovered any omissions in the coverage of the topic, did this reveal a bias or prejudice? - Is the author selling something? Do they have a corporate sponsor?