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APA Citation Style (6th ed.): Journal articles, newspapers, etc.

Periodicals (APA 7.01)


When a journal has consecutive pagination, the reference includes only the volume number. If each issue is separately paginated, include the issue number in parenthesis immediately following the volume number, e.g.


Leighton, J. P. (2010). Editorial. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 29(4), 1-2. doi:10.1111/j.1745-3992.2010.00188.x



Printed journal article:


Acker, S. (1997). Becoming a teacher educator: Voices of women academics in Canadian faculties of education. Teaching and Teacher Education, 13, 65-74.



Electronic journal article with DOI assigned:


Johnston, I. (1999). Postcolonial literature and the politics of representation in school programs. Interchange, 30, 11-25. doi:10.1023/A:1007539608721


Always supply the Digital Object Identifier if one has been assigned. No further retrieval information is required.



Electronic journal article with no DOI assigned:


Provide a retrieval statement including the URL of the electronic journal home page:


Tuagalu, I. (2008). The heuristic of the Vä. AlterNative: An international journal of indigenous peoples, 4, 107-126. Retrieved from


If no e-journal homepage is available and e-content is available only through an aggregator’s database (e.g., Ovid, Gale Cengage, ProQuest, EBSCO) or an online archive (e.g., JSTOR, ERIC, Project Muse), do not include the URL link supplied for the article. Instead, treat as if referencing the printed journal. However, if the article is not easily located in print, give the entry URL for an online archive, e.g.: Retrieved from



Newspaper article, no author:


Ottawa adds funding for six First Nations schools. (2005, August 20). Saskatoon Star-Phoenix, p. A8.


What is a DOI?

A DOI (digital object identifier) is a unique alphanumeric string assigned to a specific electronic resource which provides a persistent link to its location.

ex: doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.27.3.379

When available, include the DOI in your journal article references. 

See pages 187-192 & 198-199 of the APA Publication Manual for more information

Where Can I Find the DOI?

Most databases include a DOI (if available) in the full record.  For example, in PsycINFO, choose the Complete Reference link to see if a DOI is listed.  DOIs can also be identified on the article's itself and/or on the publisher's website where the articled resides.


As indicated in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (pg 198):

"If no DOI is assigned to the content and you retrieved it online, include the home page URL for the journal, newsletter, or magazine in the reference.  Use this format: Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxxx"