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APA Citation Style (6th ed.): Manuscripts, Grey literature, etc.

Unpublished and Informally Published Works (APA 7.09)

Unpublished master’s project:


Stakiw, E. (2004). Perceptions of a collaborative project to adapt instruction within the regular classroom. Unpublished manuscript, Department of Educational Administration, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.


Self-archived work from ERIC:


Lykins, C. R., & Heyneman, S. P. (2008). The federal role in education: Lessons from Australia, Germany, and Canada. Washington, DC:  Center on Education Policy. Retrieved from ERIC database. (ED503899)


Informally published document available on an institutional website:


Sinclair, R., & Pooyak, S. (2007). Aboriginal mentoring in Saskatoon: a cultural perspective. Retrieved from Indigenous Peoples’ Health Research Centre website:



Web document with no author identified; no date:


Academic honesty. (n.d.). Retrieved December 2, 2005, from University of Saskatchewan website:


Include the date of retrieval only when it appears that the content may be subject to future revision.


PowerPoint presentation:


Council of Ministers of Education Canada. (2002). The use of ICT for learning: Some Canadian examples [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from