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APA Citation Style (6th ed.): Meetings and Symposia

Meetings and Symposia (APA 7.04)

Proceedings published in an edited book:


McKay, G. (1999). Self-determination in Aboriginal education. In L. B. Muller (Ed.), Changing the climate: Proceedings of the 1998 Conference for Graduate Students in the Social Sciences and Humanities (pp. 1-11). Saskatoon, Canada: University of Saskatchewan.


Proceedings published regularly:


APA advises that proceedings published regularly be referenced using the format for periodicals. In practice, annual proceedings are often published and cited as edited books.




Insert the form element [Abstract] after the article title when only the abstract appears in printed proceedings.


If the abstract was retrieved online, indicate this in the retrieval statement:


Abstract retrieved from