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Psychology: Evidence-Based Practice

Levels of Evidence

Synthesis Reviews

Are you thinking of conducting a synthesis review (systematic review, scoping review, realist review, etc.)?

Consult this Synthesis Review Toolkit which was developed to guide individuals from various academic backgrounds through their journey of conducting a synthesis review.

Key Sources for Finding Evidence Reviews

Cochrane Library Tip:

  • Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: choose the Advanced Search > Search Limits to limit to Cochrane Reviews.

PsycINFO Tips:

  • Search by subject headings: Evidence-Based Practice and Best Practices are both recognized subject headings.  Combine both of these subject headings with a specific psychological term.
  • Limit by Methodology: Systematic Review is a Methodology limiter, so to is Meta Analysis (Additional Limits).  The broader Literature Review is also available.

MedLine Tip:

  • Limit to Systematic Reviews under Subject Subsets (Additional Limits).

Embase Tip:

  • Limit to EBM-Evidence Based Medicine (or a subset, ex: Systematic Review) under Additional Limits.

CINAHL Tips:

  • Under "Refine your results", choose "Show More"; Evidence-Based Practice is an option.
  • In the Publications Type menu, you can select Systematic Review.

The Campbell Collaboration"an international research network that produces systematic reviews of the effects of social interventions".

BMJ Clinical Evidence: "An international peer-reviewed journal publishing systematic reviews of important clinical conditions".​

Trip database: a clinical search engine that looks for systematic reviews, meta-analyses, evidence summaries, article synopses and more from a single search.

What is Evidence-Based Practice?

The APA defines evidence-based practice (EBP) as "the integration of the best available research with clinical expertise in the context of patient characteristics, culture and preferences"

Other commonly-used terminology used within EBP is Empirically Supported Treatments (EST) and Evidence-Based Psychological Interventions (EBPI).

Evidence-Based Behavioral Practice (EBBP)

The Evidence Based Behavioural Practice site "creates training resources to help bridge the gap between behavioral health research and practice".

This comprehensive website includes: